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Open Access Short report

Molecular-based detection of the gastrointestinal pathogen Campylobacter ureolyticus in unpasteurized milk samples from two cattle farms in Ireland

Monika Koziel1, Brigid Lucey12*, Susan Bullman1, Gerard D Corcoran2 and Roy D Sleator1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Rossa Avenue, Bishopstown, Cork, Ireland

2 Department of Microbiology, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland

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Gut Pathogens 2012, 4:14  doi:10.1186/1757-4749-4-14

Published: 14 November 2012

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni and coli are collectively regarded as the most prevalent cause of bacterial foodborne illness worldwide. An emerging species, Campylobacter ureolyticus has recently been detected in patients with gastroenteritis, however, the source of this organism has, until now, remained unclear. Herein, we describe the molecular-based detection of this pathogen in bovine faeces (1/20) and unpasteurized milk (6/47) but not in poultry (chicken wings and caeca). This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first report of the presence of this potential gastrointestinal pathogen in an animal source, possibly suggesting a route for its transmission to humans.

Keywords:
Campylobacter; Emerging pathogen; Food chain; Reservoir; Dairy